Mahavir International Delhi

A Voluntary Charitable Non-Religious NGO Estd. in 1979

FACT FILES

STUNNING FACTS OF EYE DONATION IN INDIA

  • There are 12 million+ blind people in India, out of which about 4 million+ are corneal blind. There is a huge backlog of the number of corneal blind people waiting to get their sight.
  • As of today, Eye collection figures stand at around 20000+ eyes per year, from around 400+ eye banks across India. This number itself is not sufficient for the freshly added corneal blind.
  • One startling fact of this is we still import eyes from Sri Lanka, which is 1/4th or even less in size than India. Sri Lanka, besides catering to its own requirement, sends the eyeballs to several other countries. Over the last quarter of the century, it has flown over 20,000+ eyeballs to 135 centres in the various countries of the world.

The Buddhist supreme concept of "Dana", or almsgiving, is the root of their success. They believe that it is an act of great merit to gift their eyes after death to someone living who would have the gift of sight. In Buddhist thought, it has the effect of purifying and transforming the mind of the giver.


INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT EYES

  • The shark cornea has been used in eye surgery, since its cornea is similar to a human cornea.
  • The shark cornea has been used in eye surgery, since its cornea is similar to a human cornea.
  • The eyeball of a human weighs approximately 28 grams.
  • The eye of a human can distinguish 500 shades of the grey.
  • The cornea is the only living tissue in the human body that does not contain any blood vessels.
  • Research has indicated that a tie that is too tight can increase the risk of glaucoma in men.
  • People generally read 25% slower from a computer screen compared to paper.
  • All babies are colour blind when they are born.
  • Babies' eyes do not produce tears until the baby is approximately six to eight weeks old.
  • The reason why your nose gets runny when you are crying is because the tears from the eyes drain into the nose.
  • The most common injury caused by cosmetics to the eyes, is by a mascara wand.
  • Some people start to sneeze if they are exposed to sunlight or have a light shined into their eye.
  • It is impossible to sneeze with your eyes open.
  • The space between your eyebrows is called the Glabella.

EYE STRAIN

Strain in the eyes is caused by wrong use. While reading or doing office work, eyes should be kept at a reasonable distance and the upper eyelids should be lower. The eyes should move slowly with the reading or writing material. If some strain is felt in the eyes, these should be closed for a few seconds and use them gently again.

Strain is caused by:

  • Dimlight
  • Mental Strain
  • Lack of proper blood circulation in the eyes
  • Lack of control over thoughts.

Eye Exercises : While taking morning or evening stroll, eyes should be refreshed by seeing green, blue sky or flying bird's, etc. Stretch eyes gently as far as possible. The blinking of eyes should be done regularly. Blinking is a very good exercise for the eyes. While seeing a distant object or reading a board, gentle blinking helps in seeing clearly and removes the strain. Blinking should be done during the day or night to loosen the strain and for better eyesight. Swinging of head and rhythmic movement of the body also has soothing effect on the eyes. While reading or working in the dim light, the eyes should not be strained.

Eyes should be washed by sprinkling cold water early in the morning and evening. After washing with cold water, the eye should be gently dried by a clean towel. Then the eyes should be closed for a few minutes for relaxation. This exercise may be repeated in the evening also after returning from work. In order to give more relaxation to the eyes, they may be covered by both palms gently. This exercise should be done for five minutes daily.

After food, the eyes may be gently rubbed with wet hands while cleaning the mouth.

While closing eyes, good thoughts should prevail. Imagine some line from the book and think that the words are getting clearer and darker. This improves the eyesight.

Viewing Movie/Pictures or TV : The eyelids should be kept downward and frequent blinking should be done while viewing pictures or TV programmes. Eyestrain should be avoided.

Avoid reading books of fine prints in moving vehicles : Posture of the body should be kept erect and comfortable.

Protect the eyes from smoke or bright sun or artificial light. Avoid seeing a very bright object or solar eclipse, etc.

Moon-Light : The moonlight has cooling effect on the eyes. Moon may be seen for a few minutes to relax the eyes.

Oiling of Ears : A drop or two of Mustard (Sarson) oil in each ear periodically at Bedtime is beneficial both for the ear and the eyes.

Eye Drops : In Ayurvedic system 2 or 3 drops of Tulsi leaves juice in the eyes weekly is recommended. Fresh water is also used for washing the eyes in the morning. If necessary, some good eye-drops may be used on the recommendation of the Eye-Specialist.

Sun-Bath and Barefoot Walk on Grass : Morning rays of the sun are cool and good for the eyes. Stand for five minutes in the gentle morning rays of the sun and swing the head to and fro. After this, wash the eyes with cold water.

Eye Diseases : If there is strain or trouble in the eyes due to spectacles or eye lenses, the Eye-Specialist should be consulted. In case of eye trouble,wash with boric acid solution. This is useful. But in any an Eye-Specialist should be consulted.

Good Food for Eyes : Good food containing vitamin is very essential to maintain good eye sight. Eyes need food containing vitamins. The food articles containing vitamins should be a part of diet. Rich source of vitamin-A is spinach, carrot, watermelon, mango, plums and fish. This vitamin is essential for eye health. Vegetables, leafy vegetables, and fruit and their juice also give the necessary vitamin and minerals required for the eyes and body. Wheat grass juice is also a good source of vitamins.


ACCORDING TO WHO ESTIMATES

  • About 284 million people are visually impaired worldwide: 39 million are blind and 245 million have low vision.
  • About 90% of the world visually impaired live in developing countries.
  • Globally, uncorrected refractive errors are the main cause of visual impairment but in middle and low-income countries cataracts remain the leading cause of blindness.
  • The number of people visually impaired from infectious diseases has greatly reduced in the last 20 years.
  • 80% of all visual impairment can be avoided or cured.
The causes of visual impairment

Globally the major causes of visual impairment are:

  • Uncorrected refractive errors (myopia, hyperopia or astigmatism), 43%
  • Cataract, 33%
  • Glaucoma, 2%

EYE DISEASES

People over the age of 60 are at higher risk of three eye diseases:

  • Cataracts
  • Glaucoma
  • Age-related macular degeneration.

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